SECTION : I : PROSE & GRAMMAR

Q1. A Read the first activity. Then read the extract. Thereafter answer the activities following it :

PADMA.jpg                                                                                                                                                                        (12 Marks)
A1. State whether the following are True or False : (Global Understanding) (2M)
a) The astrologer's name was Guru Nayak.
b) The other man had suffered a deadly attack.
c) The other man's attacker had later tried to save his life.
d) The other man was deeply satisfied to know that his attacker had been crushed under a lorry.

Extract :
The astrologer said: “You were left for dead. Am I right?”
“Ah, tell me more.”
“A knife has passed through you once?” said the astrologer.
“Good fellow!” He bared his chest to show the scar. “What else?”
“And then you were pushed into a well nearby in the field. You were left for dead.”
“I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well,” exclaimed the other, overwhelmed by enthusiasm.
“When shall I get at him?” he asked, clenching his fist.
“In the next world,” answered the astrologer. “He died four months ago in a far-off town. You will never see any more of him.” The other groaned on hearing it. The astrologer proceeded :
“Guru Nayak-”
“You know my name!” the other said, taken aback.
“As I know all other things. Guru Nayak, listen carefully to what I have to say. Your village is two days’ journey due north of this town. Take the next train and be gone. I see once again great danger to your life if you go from home.” He took out a pinch of sacred ash and held it to him. “Rub it on your forehead and go home. Never travel southward again, and you will live to be a hundred.”
“Why should I leave home again?” the other said reflectively. “I was only going away now and then to look for him and to choke out his life if I met him.” He shook his head regretfully. “He has escaped my hands. I hope at least he died as he deserved.” “Yes,” said the astrologer. “He was crushed under a lorry.”The other looked gratified to hear it.
The place was deserted by the time the astrologer picked up his articles and put them into his bag. The green shaft was also gone, leaving the place in darkness and silence. The stranger had gone off into the night, after giving the astrologer a handful of coins.
It was nearly midnight when the astrologer reached home. His wife was waiting for him at the door and demanded an explanation. He flung the coins at her and said “Count them. One man gave all that.”
“Twelve and a half annas,” she said, counting. She was overjoyed. “I can buy some jaggery and coconut tomorrow. The child has been asking for sweets for so many days now. I will prepare some nice stuff for her.”
“The swine has cheated me! He promised me a rupee,” said the astrologer. She looked up at him. “You look worried. What is wrong?”
“Nothing.”
After dinner, sitting on the pyol, he told her “Do you know a great load is gone from me today? I thought I had the blood of a man on my hands all these years. That was the reason why I ran away from home, settled here, and married you. He is alive.”
She gasped. “You tried to kill him!”
“Yes, in our village, when I was a silly youngster. We drank, gambled, and quarrelled badly one day - why think of it now? Time to sleep,” he said, yawning, and stretched himself on the pyol.

A2) How did the astrologer try to sound and look convincing in front of Guru Nayak? (Complex Factual) (2M)

A3) The astrologer's conscience was burdened by a great load.
How do you think he was ultimately relieved off it? (Inference/Interpretation/Analysis) (2M)

A4) If we have to eradicate the superstitions and other ill-practices from our society, what steps would you like to suggest? (Personal Response Type) (2M)

A5) Language Study : (2M)
a) I should have been dead if some passer-by had not chanced to peep into the well. (Rewrite the sentence by using the Conjunction 'otherwise')
Tips: Remove the underlined Conjunction and make other necessary changes to get the correct answer.

b) The other groaned on hearing it. (Add a Question Tag)

A6) Give one word substitute for the following : (Vocabulary) (2M)
a) taken aback -
b) clench one's fist -

B. Language Study : (4Marks)
1. Viktor E. Frankly was a professor of neurology and psychiatry at the University of Vienna Medical School until his death in 1997. (Rewrite using not only . . . but also) (1M)
2. Man's Search for Meaning is the most remarkable book I have ever read. (Rewrite as a Negative Sentence) (1M)
3. After ___ picture, we went to ___ nearest cafe for ___ all enthusiastic cup of coffee and ___ sandwich for each of us. (Fill in the Blanks with suitable Articles) (2M)

Q2. A. Read the first activity. Then read the passage. Thereafter answer the activities following it :

PADMA.jpg                                                                                                                                                     (12 Marks)

A1. Complete the following statements with suitable words from the passage : (2M)
a) ________, ________ _________, humanists, non-religious and other terms are used by Atheists to refer to themselves.
b) One of China’s oldest philosophical systems is ______________, which is notable for its _____ __ ______ in a god or goddess.

Passage :
Atheism is an absence of belief in the existence of deities. Atheism can also be defined as a rejection of the belief of any deities (gods and goddesses) that exist.
Atheism is not a religion, but a belief system, although it is protected by many of the same Constitutional rights that protect religion. Atheists do not have a common belief system, sacred scripture, or Pope, only a lack of belief in gods; therefore, they disagree on many ideas and issues. Atheists do not fit in a particular demographic or group of people, as atheists exist across all races, ages, political affiliations, in the LGBTQ* community, and urban, suburban and rural areas in any state.
Atheism is often confused with non-religion or irreligion, which is the absence of, or indifference towards, religion. Atheism is only the absence of belief in deities.
Because atheists will refer to themselves as agnostics, cultural Catholics, humanists, non-religious and other terms, it is hard to accurately estimate the exact number of atheists. However, there are millions of known Atheists around the world.
While there is a trend in fewer people believing in God around the world, only a few countries have more than 20% of citizens who are atheists.
The six countries with the highest percentage of their populations identifying as atheists are:
▪︎China
▪︎Japan
▪︎Czech Republic
▪︎France
▪︎Australia
▪︎Iceland
Approximately 40-49% of China’s population says that they’re atheists. This is the highest population of atheists in the world. Confucianism, which is one of China’s oldest philosophical systems, is notable for its lack of a belief in a deity.
In the United States, approximately 10% of Americans identify as atheists. Although the dollar bill says, “In God We Trust,” belief in Christianity is at an all-time low. Approximately 40% of American atheists are ages 18-29, and 37% of atheists are ages 30-49. This has been attributed to an increased exposure to diverse perspectives in multicultural societies, which challenges the claim of any one particular worldview. Millennials and Gen Z are the most racially, ethnically, and religiously diverse generation in the US.

A2. In 3-4 sentences, describe the widespread presence of atheists irrespective of their backgrounds. (2M)

A3. Using your own sentences and viewpoint, expand the idea expressed in the statement :
While there is a trend in fewer people believing in God around the world, only a few countries have more than 20% of citizens who are atheists. (2M)

A4. Which features of Atheism did you find as the most interesting and most impressive? In one sentence explain why you felt so about those features. (2M)

A5. Language Study : (2M)
a) This is the highest population of atheists in the world. (Rewrite using Present Perfect Tense)
b) The dollar bill says, “In God We Trust”. (Rewrite using Indirect Speech)

A6. Give Antonyms of the following (Words with Opposite Meanings) : (2M)
a) Atheist ×
b) Existence ×

B. Prepare a Summary of the given paragraph in 2-3 sentences. Begin with a suitable title to the summary. (3 Marks)

Abraham Thomas Kovoor born on 10th April 1898 was a Sri Lankan professor and rationalist who gained prominence after retirement for his campaign to expose as frauds various Indian and Sri Lankan "god-men" and so-called paranormal phenomena. He declared, in 1963, an award of Rs. 100, 000/- (Sri Lankan Rupees) for anyone who could demonstrate supernatural or miraculous powers under fool-proof and fraud-proof conditions.
Dr.Kovoor announced that godmen, saints, yogis and siddhas who claim that they acquired miraculous powers through spiritual exercises and divine boons win this award if they can perform any of the "miracles" he mentioned in his open-challenge list. Dr.Kovoor expired in 1978. Until his death none could claim the award amount. Some fraudsters who sought publicity by taking on his challenge had to forfeit the initial deposit. After the death of Dr.Kovoor, BasavaPremanand continued his challenge by offering Rs.100,000 (One Hundred Thousand Indian Rupees) to any person who will demonstrate any psychic, supernatural or paranormal ability of any kind under satisfactory observing conditions. Upon Premanand's death, the challenge will be continued by the Indian Rationalist Association. BasavaPremanand, founder of the Federation of Indian Rationalist Associations, is regarded as Kovoor's spiritual successor in India.

SECTION : II : POETRY

Q3. A. Read the first activity. Then read the extract. Thereafter answer the activities following it :

PADMA.jpg                                                                                                                                                         (10 Marks)

A1. Match the words in Column A with their respective meanings given in Column B : (2M)

Column A                       Column B
1. Grateful             a) feeling very happy
2. Sorely                b) crowd
3. Throng              c) thankful
4. Rejoicing          d) lack of satisfaction
                               e) with a feeling of disappointment

Extract :
Did you give a cheerful greeting to the friend who came along?
Or a churlish sort of "Howdy" and then vanish in the throng?
Were you selfish pure and simple as you rushed along the way,
Or is someone mighty grateful for a deed you did today?

Can you say tonight, in parting with the day that's slipping fast,
That you helped a single brother of the many that you passed?
Is a single heart rejoicing over what you did or said;

Does a man whose hopes were fading now with courage look ahead?

Did you waste the day, or lose it, was it well or sorely spent?
     Did you leave a trail of kindness or a scar of discontent?
     As you close your eyes in slumber do you think that God would say,
     You have earned one more tomorrow by the work you did today?
- Edgar Guest

A2. How do you think the word 'earned' has a significant role to play in the title, as well as in the closing line of the poem? Elaborate on it 2-3 sentences. (2M)

A3. What are the things that you would like to focus upon so that even you can earn your tomorrow? (2M)

A4. Pick out an example of Interrogation and explain it. (2M)

A5. Compose a 4 line poetry of your own on 'Making Life Meaningful'. (2M)

B. Write the Appreciation of the poem given below : (4 Marks)

INDIAN WEAVERS

Weavers, weaving at break of day,
Why do you weave a garment so gay? . . .
Blue as the wing of a halcyon wild,
We weave the robes of a new-born child.

Weavers, weaving at fall of night,
Why do you weave a garment so bright? . . .
Like the plumes of a peacock, purple and green,
We weave the marriage-veils of a queen.

Weavers, weaving solemn and still,
What do you weave in the moonlight chill? . . .
White as a feather and white as a cloud,
We weave a dead man's funeral shroud.
- Sarojini Naidu

Question :
Write the Appreciation of the above poem using the following points :
▪︎Title
▪︎Poet
▪︎Central Idea
▪︎Rhyme-scheme
▪︎Figures of Speech
▪︎Favourite Line

SECTION : III : WRITING-SKILLS

Q4. Read the personal details given below and prepare a suitable Statement of Purpose. (5 Marks)

IIM (Indian Institute of Management) Kolkata is one of the leading institutions in India for Business Management Studies. You aspire to be a successful and a productive businessperson / entrepreneur in the near future. In your junior college you have opted for Commerce, you were also a ranker in your standard X Board Examinations, you are presently working part-time with a leasing cosmetic firm in the city, you have attended Seminars conducted by your city's Youngest and Most Successful Entrepreneurs. Your hobbies are playing guitar, composing songs, reading, playing tennis and football, you also actively participate in Social Awareness Programmes conducted in your town.

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